Internal Combustion Engine - Definition, Classification, Advantages, Disadvantages, Application

 The engine which convert oestrus unloose energy (chemical energy) into mechanical unloose energy that engine is called every bit heat engine.

Heat engine has classified into 2 types 1 is internal combustion engine too minute 1 is external combustion engine .

In this mechanical  applied scientific discipline article today nosotros learne about What is Internal combustion engine - definition, classification, advantages, disadvantages, application 


What is internal combustion engine ?

Internal combustion engine is types of oestrus engine that convert oestrus unloose energy into mechanical energy.  In internal combustion engine fuel is cease within the engine cylinder that why is known has internal combustion engine. 

 into mechanical unloose energy that engine is called every bit  Internal combustion engine - definition, classification, advantages, disadvantages, application
Internal combustion engine - definition, classification, advantages, disadvantages, application
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In internal combustion engine fuel is cease within the cylinder, when fuel is cease that fourth dimension oestrus unloose energy is produce. this high describe per unit of measurement area too temperature ability (heat energy) motility the the piston too that's why rotating ability is generate inwards crankshaft too that's why vehicle is run.


Internal combustion engine definition 


" Ic engine is a oestrus engine inwards which the fuel combustion that generates the oestrus takes house within the engine that engine is called every bit internal combustion (ic) engine "

i. e when fuel combustion takes house within the engine that oestrus engine called internal combustion engine 



Classification of internal combustion engine 


A. Classification of ic engine according to disclose of stroke per cycle


1. Two stroke engine 


2. Four stroke engine 



B. Classification of ic engine according to method of ignition 


1. Spark ignition (si) engine 

2. Compression ignition (ci) engine 


C. Classification of ic engine  according to types of fuel used


1. Petrol or gasoline engine 

2. Diesel engine 

3. Bi - fuel engine 


D.  Classification of ic engine according to nature of thermodynamics cycle 


1. Otto wheel engine 

2. Diesel wheel engine 

3. Duel combustion wheel engine
 

E. Classification of ic engine according to numbers of cylinder 


1. Single cylinder engine 

2. Multi cylinder engine 


F. Classification of ic engine according to organisation of cylinder 


1. Horizontal engine 

2. Vertical engine 

3. V type engine

4. Radial engine 



G. Classification of ic engine according to cooling system 


1. Air cooled engine 

2. Water cooled engine 

3. Oil cooled engine 


H.  Classification of ic engine according to method of fuel injection 


1. Carburettor engine 

2. Air injection engine 


I.  Classification of ic engine according to the speed of the engine 


1. Slow speed engine 

2. Medium speed engine 

3. High speed engine 


J.  Classification of ic engine according to application 


1. Stationary engine 

2. Marine engine 

3. Aircraft engine 

4. Locomotive engine 


 into mechanical unloose energy that engine is called every bit  Internal combustion engine - definition, classification, advantages, disadvantages, application
Internal combustion engine classification

Advantages of cyberspace combustion engines 


Advantages of ic engine over external combustion engine is discussed every bit below 


1. Size of internal combustion engine real modest compared to external combustion engine 

2. Weight of internal combustion engine is low.

3. Ic engine is rubber to operate. 

4. Power to weight ratio of ic engine is high.

5. Staring fourth dimension required for ic engine is small.

6. Internal combustion engine real suitable for modest ability requirement application. 

7. Internal combustion engine efficiency is higher than external combustion engine .

8. Ic engine required less maintenance. 

9. In ic engine depression lubrication consumption compared to external combustion engine. 

10. In ic engine no chances of leakage of working fluid. 

11. Internal combustion engine is to a greater extent than portable than external combustion engine because ic engine weight is low.

12. In ic engine real high temperature too describe per unit of measurement area generated than external engine that's why ic engine efficiency high.

13. Ic engine required less support.

14. Ic engine is to a greater extent than secure to work.



Disadvantages of internal combustion engines 


Disadvantages of ic engine over external combustion engine is discussed every bit below


1. Internal combustion engine uses fuel is real costly similar gas , petrol , diesel fuel etc

2. Ic engine is non suitable for large scale ability production 

3. In ic engine depression degree fuel is non used that's why ic engine is real costly. 

4. In illustration reciprocating ic engine high noise, friction is generate. 

5. Ic engine high emissions generate than external combustion engine. 

6. Mechanical efficiency of ic engine is depression than external combustion engine. 


Application of  internal combustion engines 


A. Application of ic engine based on engine Types 



1. Gasoline engine 
Gasoline engine used inwards - automobile,  aircraft, marine

2. Diesel engines
Diesel engines  used inwards - Automobile , ability plant, railways,  marine

3. Gas turbine 
Gas turbine used inwards - industry 

4. Gas engine 
Gas engine used inwards - ability generation,  aircraft,  marine,  industria etc

B. Application of ic engine based on application 


1. Automobile - auto , double-decker , truck 

2. Marine - send , inboard , outboard 

3. Agricultural - pump, tractors 

4. Power generation - ability found , 

5. Light aircraft 



Conclusion 

In this mechanical applied scientific discipline lecture today nosotros report describe of fabric toppic What is Internal combustion engine - definition, classification, advantages, disadvantages, application

If you lot guide keep whatever questions almost internal combustion engine too therefore comment below 



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